When I was in my early-teen, I was an avid reader of newspapers and magazines. Most of my idle times was also spent listening to radio and watching television programmes. My reasons were that I wanted to be very good at current affairs and to become a journalist. During that time, I made sure I was around when great men like Chief Obafemi Awolowo and Dr. Nnamudi Azikwe among others were in the news.
Hence, during the independent anniversary of 1982, I made sure that I listened to the discussions. Some of the anniversary discussants included late Professor Chike Obi and Dr. Beko Ransome-Kuti. But to my surprise, instead of focusing on politics, the discussion veered into the study of science. Chike Obi advised that the Federal Government should make the study of mathematics and science compulsory in the nation’s primary and secondary schools.
According to Chike Obi, if Nigeria wanted to achieve greatness , government must encourage school children to embrace science early enough in their lives as obtains in the advanced societies. The late mathematician said that many countries like China, South Korea and those of former Eastern bloc countries promoted science education. Today, they are reaping the benefits in terms of the technological breakthroughs they have recorded. Therefore, according to him, Nigeria should create an environment for the study of science.
The discussion of that day steered my heart toward science. Even though I did not eventually become a scientist, it geared me towards the study of science fiction and discoveries. A better education in science for your child can also mean better things for society by helping students develop into more responsible citizens who help to build a strong economy, contribute to a healthier environment, and bring about a brighter future for everyone.As Science for All Americans points out, a good science education helps students “to develop the understandings and habits of mind they need to become compassionate human beings able to think for themselves and to face life head on. It should equip them also to participate thoughtfully with fellow citizens in building and protecting a society that is open, decent, and vital”.The more science-literate individuals are, the stronger their society can be. Specifically, the lessons and skills science gives us can have repercussions that help make for more responsible citizens, a strong economy, a healthier environment, and a brighter future for everyone.What is Science? Science is a body of empirical, theoretical, and practical knowledge about the natural world, produced by scientists who emphasize the observation, explanation, and prediction of real world phenomena. Historiography of science, in contrast, often draws on the historical methods of both intellectual history and social history. However, the English word scientist is relatively recent—first coined by William Whewell in the 19th century. Previously, people investigating nature were called natural philosophers.According to history of science, while empirical investigations of the natural world have been described since classical antiquity (for example, by Thales, Aristotle, and others), and scientific methods have been employed since the Middle Ages (for example, by Ibn al-Haytham, and Roger Bacon), the dawn of modern science is often traced back to the early modern period, during what is known as the Scientific Revolution that took place in 16th- and 17th-century Europe. Scientific methods are considered to be so fundamental to modern science that some consider earlier inquiries into nature to be pre-scientific. Traditionally, historians of science have defined science sufficiently broadly to include those inquiries.In prehistoric times, advice and knowledge was passed from generation to generation in an oral tradition. For example, the domestication of maize for agriculture has been dated to about 9,000 years ago in southern Mexico, before the development of writing systems. Similarly, archaeological evidence indicates the development of astronomical knowledge in preliterate societies. The development of writing enabled knowledge to be stored and communicated across generations with much greater fidelity. Combined with the development of agriculture, which allowed for a surplus of food, it became possible for early civilizations to develop, because more time could be devoted to tasks other than survival.Many ancient civilizations collected astronomical information in a systematic manner through simple observation. Though they had no knowledge of the real physical structure of the planets and stars, many theoretical explanations were proposed. Basic facts about human physiology were known in some places, and alchemy was practiced in several civilizations. Considerable observation of macrobiotic flora and fauna was also performed.Human life has totally changed since the rise of science and technology. We have reached upon top of our life by the help of science and technological things. Science and technology has totally revived our life and taught us the way to live our life. Science and technology has not only changed our life but also our physical appearance, character, style, etc.As science and technology has changed step wise, similarly human life has also changed steeply. It can be known by thinking that our primitive used to be chimpanzee / monkey so thought by our ancestors, and then we developed a little and changed into human being living in jungle and using leaves of plant as clothes. At last, we became fully matured and emerged as a social being preferring to live in society rather than jungles. That is one of the great changes that science and technology has provided to us.Science and technology has also changed our way of living. The work which we did our self in past time is being done by machines now-a-days. The combination of science and technology has been done to make such robots which can do home as well as official works. It can also do works like gardening, cooking, cleaning, etc. This is also a great change by help science and technology and also a great achievement for scientists in field of science and technology.So, considering all above changes with the help of science and technology we can say that prevailing of science and technology in this situation is a great change for we human beings. It’s change captured us and has also helped us a lot to raise our standard of living. We live in the age of science. People live, move and think in terms of science. Water, air, time and space have been conquered. Man has harnessed the forces of Nature, to his own use.Science has helped man to lead a better life than ever before. In all walks of life man has made wonderful progress. It has given us very swift means of communication transport. The steam engine, the motor car and now the airplane have conquered time and space. Man can now travel from one place to another in a short time. A journey of weeks and months is now performed in a few hours.Then there are the telegraph, the telephone and the wireless. The wireless has made it possible to send messages to any part of the world in the twinkling of an eye. The steamers and the aeroplanes are all fitted with a wireless apparatus so that they can get timely help in danger. The radio has made the dull evenings at home bright. One can hear news, dialogues and speeches from the distant parts of the world while sitting at home. Television, the latest development of Wireless telegraphy, enables people to see the picture as well as hear voices.Electricity, perhaps the greatest gift of science, has conferred on man many blessings. It is maid-of all work. It works the fans, cooks food, sweeps floors, irons clothes, air-conditions or warms the houses and offices, washes dishes, lights houses, streets and towns, runs trains and buses, works the mills and factories and diagnoses and cures diseases. Medical science has advanced a good deal. It helps the doctors to locate the disease.Terrible diseases like plague, small-pox, cholera, typhoid and malaria have been brought under control. Plastic surgery can change one’s face and complexion6. Underground drainage and sanitary schemes have minimized the chances of infection or spread of disease. Science has thus helped man in his fight against disease. The various inventions and discoveries of science have greatly added to the comforts of life.Science has entered our life so powerfully that we have started thinking in a scientific way. It has all together changed our outlook on life. We now want to know the how and why of things. The age of superstitious beliefs is over. Scientific inventions have not all been for our good. Science has given man deadly weapons. The long-range guns, poisonous gases, atom-bombs and many other destructive weapons of warfare have made the life of man most insecure another war and the whole world will be destroyed in a minute by nuclear weapons.Humans have known about the existence of electricity for thousands of years. After all, it’s abundant in the natural world. But it wasn’t until early scientists such as Benjamin Franklin in the 1700s and Michael Faraday in the 1800s began investigating electricity that we came to truly understand it. And we wasted no time figuring out how to harness it in order to power human life.Trying to imagine what life was like before electricity is pretty difficult. Electricity is used to manufacture our homes and cars and it powers everything from appliances to streetlights. Before the discovery and development of electricity, not only did we do nearly every task and household chore by hand, we pretty much had to do them before nightfall.Electricity is also responsible for making our modern high-tech world possible. It charges our phones, computers, and virtually every other tool of communication used in modern life. Even people who do not have electricity in their homes may use it in their work lives in factories or offices or in commercial activities.Electricity is produced from a variety of sources such as solar, wind, geothermal, nuclear and fossil fuel energy, and new twists on its production provide innovative solutions to the world problems. These days, scientists and entrepreneurs are coming up with all sorts of new ways to produce electricity, including biofuels sources. There are even teams working on artificial leaves as photosynthesis-derived electricity source. Considering these innovations, the most important contribution of electricity as a scientific breakthrough may be its potential to fuel future breakthroughs.